The Secret to Avoiding Hernia Complications
Most hernias are considered minor, but the pain and discomfort when pregnant, having a strenuous bowel movement, picking up heavy objects or intense workout routines are constants. For some people who develop complications, there are few options other than surgery because of the loss of blood supply which causes the hernia’s tissue to die and become infected. There is also a chance that hernia mesh complications will occur after a surgery reparation. When untreated and left to grow over time, it increases the risk of complications.
What Are the Primary Complications?
There are two primary complications that a person will experience with untreated hernias. Incarceration occurs when a hernia obstructs the intestine and becomes stuck in the layering of the inguinal canal of the muscle. Common symptoms include pain, vomiting, nausea and enlargements in the groin area. If untreated, it may become strangulated.
Strangulation occurs when the blood flow to the hernia tissue is hindered. This issue is life-threatening if a person does not receive treatment quickly to prevent tissue loss. Symptoms of a strangulated hernia include fever, vomiting, nausea, constipation, sudden onset of pain that worsens in the groin or abdomen or a bruise-colored bulge. Once your doctor relieves the strain, it will be necessary to evaluate for infection.
What Issues Occur After a Hernia Surgery?
Based on studies by the Journal of the American College of Surgeons, there is a higher probability for complications when emergency surgery occurs. Other factors include age, hernia recurrence, weight, lifestyle choices like smoking, infection, long-term pain, bladder injury, and intestinal loss. An infection from the use of a mesh also weakens the muscle wall, which raises the chances of having to endure a second hernia complication surgery.
How to Avoid Hernia Complications
The key to avoiding hernia complications is to prevent an inguinal hernia from occurring because of pressure in the abdomen or weakening of the muscle. To avoid these types of complications, you need to take actions that prevent these two things from occurring:
- Increase physical activity: Preventing hernias start with engaging in exercises to reduce the pressure in your stomach. Nonstrenuous exercises that will be beneficial include low-intensity Pilates, yoga, and barre. You should also avoid exercises like heavy weight-lifting, jumping or exercises like squats that increase the pressure in the abdominal area.
- Watch your weight: Obesity is a serious issue in the United States. It is also a major issue that affects the abdominal wall because of the additional body fat. Working with a medical professional and nutritionist will give you the knowledge to begin an exercise routine and healthy diet.
- Eat foods that avoid constipation: It is critical that you avoid foods that cause constipation by adding fiber to your diet plan which will promote healthy bowel movements. Eat whole grains, dark-colored vegetables, nuts, legumes and fruits like berries and apples. Hydration is also critical.
Avoid strains, physical activities, sexual activity, smoking and pressure in the area. It is also critical that you not get pregnant within a 6-month period after surgery. The more you know about an incisional hernia, the more successful your chances of overcoming it.