Important Women Hormones in Your Body

hormone imbalance

Hormones

The human body is one of the most complex systems that exist. It coordinates various functionalities that control when we eat, how we digest food, how we respond to pain, and how we grow along with a host of many other things. Hormones receive a signal from the brain that serves as the central control and monitoring unit of our body. When your body requires you to do a specific action, it communicates to the brain through the nervous system. The nervous system transmits to the mind the need of the particular body organ, which then directs the hormones to actuate the required signal. Therefore, a hormonal imbalance could also affect how your body functions as its needs are not met as required. Dr. Patricia Nevils specializes in hormone-related defects and provides treatments and therapy for the conditions.

Estrogen

This hormone is found in women, and production begins during puberty within the ovaries. It helps to develop the women’s reproductive system by controlling the menstrual cycle, keeping the bones healthy, and managing a pregnancy to term. Excess production could lead to complications such as cancer in the reproductive system and cases of dementia in older women. You can maintain hormone levels by avoiding alcohol and smoking, eating healthy, and exercising.

Progesterone

These hormone levels run high during the menstrual cycle after you ovulate. It helps to prepare your uterus to accommodate a fertilized egg but will drop if fertilization does not occur. It works together with the estrogen hormone to regulate the menstrual cycle.

Prolactin

When an egg fertilizes successfully, during pregnancy, the prolactin hormone levels increases; after you give birth, the levels of the hormone increase further and trigger lactation. It is also present during the menstrual cycle and ovulation. Excessive bleeding and tender breasts are associated with excess production of the hormone. Consult a doctor in case of such symptoms to receive corrective medicines and supplements.

Irisin

This hormone appears when you engage in exercise and intense physical activity. It helps to convert white fat cells that store calories to brown fat cells that burn calories. The more you exercise, the more muscle you develop and the higher the level of Irisin hormone. The hormone is associated with keeping away inactivity related diseases such as heart disease and cancer.

Testosterone

You may have heard that the hormone relates to men, but women also produce testosterone to a certain extent. The hormone provides bone strength and the ability to develop muscles. It also helps to boost your sexual drive. Excessive production may lead to heart disease and ovulation problems. You can regulate the hormone by maintaining a healthy body.

Peptide YY

This hormone is produced in your small intestines. When it is created, it gets to the bloodstream and communicates to you not to eat more food. The feeling of being full relates to the peptide YY hormone. When you have a complete protein meal, the hormone levels rise higher compared to having a carbohydrate meal.

Thyroid Hormones

Thyroid hormones help to regulate your metabolism rate. Metabolism is the determinant of your energy level at any particular time. It also affects your weight since a slower metabolism could translate to a more stagnant energy and caloric breakdown that stores more calories in the body, thus increasing your weight. It also controls body temperature and growth of hair and nails.

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